Augmentin to treat different infections caused by bacteria

Augmentin (Amoxicillin & Clavulanate Potassium) is an antibiotic in the class of drugs called penicillins that fights bacteria in your body to treat many different types of infections, such as tonsillitis, pneumonia, ear infections, bronchitis, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and infections of the skin.

Augmentin also marketed as: Alphamox, Amox, Amoxicillin, Augmentin, Trimox, Wymox, zimox.

Augmentin is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline.


Augmentin is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, including infections of the ears, lungs, sinus, skin, and urinary tract. Augmentin is also used sometimes to treat certain sexually transmitted infections (STI). Talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this medication for your condition.

Augmentin is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. Clavulanic acid is in a class of medications called beta-lactamase inhibitors. It works by preventing bacteria from destroying Amoxicillin.

How to take

Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor. This medicine may be taken with food or on an empty stomach. However, for better absorption of this medicine and to prevent upset stomach, this medicine is best taken with food. Take Augmentin until you finish the prescription, even if you feel better. Stopping Augmentin too soon may cause bacteria to become resistant to antibiotics.

Side effects

Side effects that may go away during treatment include nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, or mild diarrhea. If they continue or are bothersome, check with your doctor. Contact your doctor as soon as possible if you experience white patches on the tongue, or vaginal discomfort/itching or discharge.

Contact your doctor immediately if you experience easy bruising or bleeding, unusual decrease in the amount of urine, dark urine, severe stomach pain, yellow eyes or skin, or severe or bloody diarrhea. An allergic reaction to this medicine is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, or trouble breathing. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor.


Before taking Augmentin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to amoxicillin (Amoxil, Trimox, and Wymox), clavulanic acid, penicillin, cephalosporins, or any other medications.

Tell your doctor what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking.
Be sure to mention either of the following: allopurinol (Lopurin, Zyloprim) and probenecid (Benemid). Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had kidney or liver disease, allergies, asthma, hay fever, hives, or mononucleosis.

Drug interactions

Do not take this medicine if you are also taking probenecid, or live vaccines. Additional monitoring of your dose or condition may be needed if you are taking birth control pills, anticoagulants, allopurinol, methotrexate, tetracycline antibiotics, or injectable aminoglycosides. Inform your doctor of any other medical conditions including liver disease, blood disorders (e.g., clotting or bleeding problems), other infections (e.g., mononucleosis), allergies, pregnancy, or breast-feeding.

Do not take this medicine if you have had a severe allergic reaction to a penicillin antibiotic (such as amoxicillin, ampicillin) or a cephalosporin antibiotic (such as ceclor, keflex, ceftin, duricef). A severe reaction includes a severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, or dizziness. If you experience difficulty breathing or tightness of chest; swelling of eyelids, face, or lips; or develop a rash or hives, tell your doctor immediately.

Augmentin may react with the antigout medication Benemid, resulting in changes in blood levels. A reaction with another antigout drug, Zyloprim, may cause a rash. Notify your doctor if you are taking either of these drugs. Augmentin can make birth control pills less effective. Use a second non-hormone method of birth control (such as a condom, diaphragm, spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking Augmentin.

Missed dose

Take Augmentin as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose and you take 2 doses a day, take the one you missed and the next dose 5 to 6 hours later. If you take 3 or more doses a day, take the one you missed and the next dose 2 to 4 hours later. Then go back to your regular schedule.


Augmentin capsules should be stored in a tightly closed bottle at or below 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Store tablets at or below 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Augmentin out of the reach of children and away from pets.